The fact that Islamic world is experiencing a long phase of underdevelopment is not controversial. Whether the level of development is measured economically (per capita income) or by other variables like, life expectancy, the rate of literacy or the Human Development Index (HDI), the Muslims figure in the world’s poor and experience collectively very low levels of economic and social development1. Regarding this fact is it natural to inquire for a relationship between Islam and development. Of course the existence of a correlation does not mean causation. Nevertheless, the fact that in the list of the underdeveloped countries the majority of the Islamic countries find their names makes the question legitimate.
Mr Youcef Maouchi, is a PhD candidate at the University Paul Cezanne in Aix-en-Provence and a Program Coordinator at the Institute for Economic Studies-Europe.