Islam and Classical Liberalism: Are They Compatible?

Mustafa Akyol* At first glance, classical liberalism and Islam may seem not just incompatible, but in complete opposition. Classical liberalism is a political philosophy that aims at maximizing individual freedom. Islam, on the other hand, is a religion that stresses “submission” and “obedience.” Moreover, today’s predominantly Muslim societies are not beacons of liberty — to…

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The Islamic Enlightenment

The Islamic world did liberalise – but then came the first world war Christopher de Bellaigue* “It seems vital to recall that hopeful century when the lands of Islam engaged lustily with modernity.” I am quite used to people smirking into their sleeves when they hear that I’ve just written a book called The Islamic…

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The Libertarian Character of the Islamic Economy

Author: Ali Salman* This article was motivated by a proposal made by Nigel Ashford of The Institute of Humane Studies during a meeting of the Mont Pelerin Society in Istanbul in October 2011, that evidence of a libertarian tradition be sought within the history of Islamic thought. It was originally published in Economic Affairs. (*) Visiting Fellow…

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Civil Society, Religion and Islam

Author: Norman Barry*    “Islam Civil Society and Market Economy”, ed: Atilla Yayla, Ankara: Liberte Publications, 1999 (first print).    This paper was presented in the International Symposium titled Islam Civil Society and Market Economy held at 18-19 of May, 1998 in Istanbul. The concept of civil society is closely associated with the post-communist era.(1) Although…

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Islam, Secularism and Liberal Democracy

Toward a Democratic Theory for Muslim Societies Reviewed by Faisal Kutty* Nineteenth-century French thinker Alexis de Tocqueville wrote that the relationship between religion and democracy in the West was the “great problem of our time.” While arguably it may be less significant in the West now, it is altogether a different matter in the Muslim…

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