Religious Persecution Over Time and Countries

Author: Bugra Kalkan* Is religious persecution a unique phenomenon in Muslim-majority countries? Of course, not! Christian-majority countries and other-majority countries have also serious religion related violence issues. But this does not mean that there is no problem concerning Muslim-majority countries. As a matter of fact, Brian Grim and Roger Finke show that “religious persecution is…

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Islam and Classical Liberalism: Are They Compatible?

Mustafa Akyol* At first glance, classical liberalism and Islam may seem not just incompatible, but in complete opposition. Classical liberalism is a political philosophy that aims at maximizing individual freedom. Islam, on the other hand, is a religion that stresses “submission” and “obedience.” Moreover, today’s predominantly Muslim societies are not beacons of liberty — to…

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Why Governments Regulate Religion?

Author: Bugra Kalkan* Even in pluralistic Western Europe countries governments cannot resist to regulate religious affairs. The obvious result of these regulations is the monopolization of the religions. In developed liberal democracies, such as Western Europe, religious pluralism is under surveillance in highly regulated religious markets. Especially the dominant religion in these countries is monopolized…

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Understanding Islam as an Entrepreneurial Religion

* This interview is originally published in My Salaam website.   Postdoctoral scholar Ali Aslan Gumusay’s work involves organization theory, entrepreneurship, business ethics and leadership. Here, he explains entrepreneurship from an Islamic perspective. 1. What are you currently working on? At the heart of my research are issues around people, organizations and societal values, guided by…

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Religious Markets versus Secularization

Author: Buğra Kalkan* Secularization and socialization theories are the dominant explanations originated in sociology in religious studies. Advocates of secularization comprehend religious behavior as irrational behavior or childish superstitions that will be evaporated as the advancement of science and modernity. It is claimed that once the humanity understands how the nature and the society works…

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Western Muslims and the Future of Islam

Western Muslims and the Future of Islam. By Tariq Ramadan. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. ISBN: 0-19-517111-X (hbk). Review doi: 10.1558/CIS.v2i1.117 Book reviewed by Ron Geaves This review is published by Equinox Publishing in 2008. Tariq Ramadan is one of the most eloquent voices calling for an Islamic commitment that is firmly based on the…

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The Islamic Enlightenment

The Islamic world did liberalise – but then came the first world war Christopher de Bellaigue* “It seems vital to recall that hopeful century when the lands of Islam engaged lustily with modernity.” I am quite used to people smirking into their sleeves when they hear that I’ve just written a book called The Islamic…

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